Section 80CCD – National Pension Scheme Deductions

section 80ccd deduction of income tax act

Section 80CCD of Income Tax Act, 1961 helps us to save income tax by contributing towards National Pension Scheme (NPS) or Atal Pension Yojana (APY). This section is further sub divided into 80CCD(1) and 80CCD(2). While Section 80CCD(1) belongs to Employee’s contribution based on salary limits, Section 80CCD(2) belongs to Employer’s contribution to NPS. You can claim additional Rs. 50,000 as Deduction with old tax regime if you invest in NPS via Section 80CCD(1B).

How to Contribute in NPS Online Video

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Above video helps you to know how to contribute in NPS online and save income tax.

What is Section 80CCD?

Section 80CCD of Income Tax Act helps us to contribute towards National Pension Scheme (NPS) or Atal Pension Yojana (APY) and claim deductions to save income tax. This section is further divided in more subsections:

  • 80CCD(1) – Individual’s contribution to NPS or APY from Income
  • 80CCD(2) – Employer’s contribution to NPS on behalf of Employee

While 80CCD(1) can be claimed by employee and self employed individuals, 80CCD(2) can only be claimed by employees.

Let us now see the limits under Section 80CCD

Limits of Section 80CCD

Below are the deduction limits under Section 80CCD:

SectionsDescriptionDeduction Limits
80CCD(1)Employee Contributions to NPS or APY up to 10% of Basic Salary + DARs. 1,50,000
80CCD(1B)Self Contribution to NPS or APY above the limits of Section 80CCD(1)Rs. 50,000
80CCD(2)Employer’s Contribution to NPS or APYup to 10% Basic Salary + DA
Section 80CCD Deductions Limits Table

So based on above table, total Deductions with Section 80CCD will be Rs. 2,00,000 that can be claimed in financial year with employee’s contribution – Rs. 1,50,000 with 80CCD(1) which is part of Section 80C and Rs. 50,000 with Section 80CCD(1B).

Section 80CCD Categorization in Detail

Let us now understand the categorization of Section 80CCD in details and their meanings:

Section 80CCD(1) Deduction

This subsection allows employees of private and government employees and self employed to claim deductions for investments made in National Pension Scheme (NPS) or Atal Pension Yojana (APY) in a financial year.

Following are some of the key features and points to remember for 80CCD(1):

  • You must be of age between 18 to 60 years to contribute in this subsection using NPS or APY
  • This subsection applies to NRI (Non resident Indian) as well
  • Maximum deduction allowed for Employees is 10% of Basic Salary + DA (Dearness Allowance) in previous year
  • For self employed or businessmen, maximum deduction allowed is 20% of Gross Total Income in previous year
  • Maximum limit of Deduction under Section 80CCD(1) is capped at Rs. 1,50,000 in a financial year

ALSO READ: How to Open NPS Account Online

Section 80CCD(1B) Deduction

This subsection allows the individual to claim additional Rs. 50,000 with NPS, which is above the limit of Rs. 1,50,000 in a financial year

  • You can open NPS account online by self
  • Contribute in your NPS account online every year to claim deduction
  • Maximum of Rs. 50,000 can be claimed in a financial year with Old Tax Regime
  • It is available for employees and self employed

Section 80CCD(2) Deduction

While you contribute voluntarily or via your salary with 80CCD(1), 80CCD(2) allows you to claim deductions based on your employer’s contribution to NPS.

  • Private sector employees can claim up to 10% of Basic Salary + DA if employer is contributing to NPS
  • Government sector employees can claim up to 14%

So employees can take benefits of this contribution made by employer with Section 80CCD(2)

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Tax Benefits with Section 80C – 80CCC, 80CCD(1), 80CCD(1B) and 80CCD(2)

Now since we have discussed all sub sections in detail, let us now understand the tax benefits limits with all these sections:

SectionsDescriptionDeduction Limits
80CVarious Tax Saving options including provident fund, PPF, etc.Rs. 1,50,000
80CCCContributions to annuity and Retirement PlansPart of Section 80C
80CCD(1)Employee contribution to NPS or APY up to 10% Basic Salary + DAPart of Section 80C
80CCD(1B)Voluntary contribution by Individual in NPS or APY above 80CCD(1)Rs. 50,000
80CCD(2)Employer contributions to NPS or APY10% of Basic Salary + DA
Tax Benefits Limits under Section 80CCD and sub sections

SO as seen above, you get additional benefits of Rs. 50,000 as deduction with Section 80CCD(1B), over and above the limit of Rs. 1,50,000 with Section 80C. The limits of Section 80C includes with 80CCC and 80CCD(1) as well, capped at Rs. 1,50,000 in financial year.

Let us now understand some features of National Pension Scheme (NPS).

National Pension Scheme – Section 80CCD

  • NPS full form is National Pension System
  • This scheme is regulated by PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority)
  • By pension, we mean the amount we get after our retirement – when we no longer work specifically for money!
  • The main Goal of opening and investing in NPS is to plan for our retirement, so that we get a stable income during our old age even when we are not working under our employer.
  • NPS scheme was initiated by Central Government in 2004
  • It was made available to all citizens of India in 2009
  • Anyone between age 18 years to 60 years can open NPS Account and save for their retirement
  • You can also be a NRI (Non Resident of India) and open NPS account
  • You can invest in NPS up to the age f 60 years, after which you start getting pension
  • NPS helps to save income tax with additional benefit of Rs. 50,000 with 80CCD(1B) as explained above

Watch below video about NPS to know more:

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Atal Pension Yojana – Section 80CCD

  • Atal Pension Yojana (APY) is also known as Pradhan Mantri Pension Yojana is another government-backed retirement scheme that provides individuals with a minimum guaranteed pension on retirement.
  • This pension yojana is aimed primarily at people in the unorganized sector.
  • Individuals between the age of 18 and 40 are eligible to apply for this pension scheme.
  • Similar to NPS, APY contributions are locked in until 60 years of age, with premature withdrawals permitted under special circumstances
  • Based on the contributions, individual can receive monthly pension from Rs. 1000 to Rs. 5000, which will be taxable
  • APY contributions can be claimed under Section 80CCD(1) and Section 80CCD(1B) with same limits as compared to NPS


So Section 80CCD of income tax Act helps to save income tax for private and government employees. It also helps self employed save income tax with 80CCD(1B) being attractive deduction sub section since it provides additional benefit above the normal limit of Section 80C.

You should include NPS or PAY in your investment portfolio if not done so, to reap benefits or equity markets and have monthly pension during your retirement phase.

Some more Reading:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is included in 80CCD deduction?

80CCD includes subsections such as 80CCD(1), 80CCD(1B) – employees contributions to NPS or APY and 80CCD(2) – employer’s contribution to NPS or APY. These together have deduction limits of Rs. 2,00,000 that can help you save income tax

How much tax is exempt from 80CCD?

Maximum Rs. 2,00,000 can be claimed with 80CCD sub sections – Rs. 1.5 Lakh with 80CCD(1) and Rs. 50,000 with 80CCD(1B)

What is 80CCD 1 and 80CCD 2?

80CCD 1 belongs to employees contribution to NPS or APY and 80CCD 2 belongs to employer’s contributions

Is 80CCD deductible under 80C?

Yes 80CCD(1) is part of 80C and maximum allowed deduction is Rs. 1.5 lakh. You get additional benefit of Rs. 50,000 with 80CCD(1B) if you voluntarily contribute in NPS or APY, thus making total deductions of Rs. 2 lakh in financial year.

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