Credit Card vs Debit Card Difference in India

credit vs debit card difference in India video

Though I provide important Personal Finance information on my YouTube Channel, still many don’t know the difference between Credit Card vs Debit Card. We use them in our daily life which makes it very important for us to know about their differences, advantages and disadvantages, when to use credit card and when to use debit card.

The main difference between Credit card vs Debit card is that, with Credit card we can use the money that we don’t currently have in our bank account. Which means we are taking loan from bank for short period, which needs to be paid on a future date, usually within the next 30-50 days. Whereas in debit card, we use our own money in bank account while shopping or spending on other needs.

So basically credit card helps us to take interest-free loan for short period of time, whereas debit card helps us to use our own money to buy goods. It is important to note that in credit card, the interest free period is very short and we need to pay the money we used within the mentioned time period, post which we have to pay very high interest in case we fail to pay our credit card bill. In debit card, if we don’t have enough money in bank account, we won’t be able to spend on our needs and wants.

Credit Card vs Debit Card Difference Video

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Below is the table differences between Credit Card vs Debit Card with various parameters.

Credit Card vs Debit Card Differences

ParametersCredit CardDebit Card
DefinitionAllows us to borrow funds to pay for goods and servicesDeducts money directly from our savings bank account
Source of fundsCredit given to you by card issuer. It gives access to money you otherwise do not have (like a very short-term loan)Our savings bank account or current account
Spending AdvantageCan spend more than what you haveYou can only spend how much you have
Who pays for the purchaseCredit card company pays the vendor for your purchase. You pay the credit card companyYou pay for your purchase
Bill Generated?You get a bill or statement each month with details of the transactions you have madeThere is no bill generated
PaymentA bill needs to be paid each month since it is being borrowedNo payment needs to be made since you are using your own money
InterestInterest is charged on the outstanding amount if it hasn’t been paid by the due dateThere is no interest that is charged
Fund LimitYou can use the card only up to the pre-set credit limit on your cardYou can access any amount up to what is currently available in your savings bank
RewardsCashback, air miles and reward points which can be redeemedTypically, the rewards you get are minimal
Fees & ChargesMultiple fees applicable including joining fees, annual fees, late payment fees, and bounced cheque fees among othersAnnual fees and PIN regeneration fees are applicable
Credit Card vs Debit Card Difference

Let us now discuss more about them in detail

What is Credit Card?

  • Credit Card is one of the cards provided by bank for you to take some credit amount from them
  • This credit amount needs to be paid back by you in full or partially
  • If you pay back in full, you don’t have to pay any interest amount on the money you borrowed from them
  • If you pay partially than in every bill generated in future, you will be paying interest on the remaining balance until you clear the principal amount you had borrowed from bank
  • Usually the interest-free time period you will get is between 30-50 days from the date of your purchase of goods or spending using credit card
  • You also earn reward points on your spending which can be redeemed as cash or vouchers to buy other goods
  • Some customers might get credit card for free without any charges like employees working in specific organizations that have tie ups with banks, whereas other individuals need to pay annual fees and other charges to use credit card

What is Debit Card?

  • Similar to debit card, debit card is also provided by bank but to use your own money
  • The limit up to which you can use your own money using debit card either depends on your bank account balance, or the limit that is set by bank on your card
  • You don’t have to pay any interest amount on the money you use using your debit card
  • Your debit card might have annual fees and pin regeneration charges
  • Some organizations have tie ups with banks so in case you work as an employee and open savings account with those banks, you might get lifetime free debit card
  • The reward points you get on debit card spending is very minimal

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How Credit Card is different from Debit Card?

As mentioned above, while using credit card you are taking loan for short period of time from bank, which you need to pay back within specific time (usually within 30-50 days which is interest free days).

Whereas, while using debit card, you use your own money in saving account.

You have to pay interest on borrowed money while using credit card if you don’t pay back within time. Whereas there is no such interest charged while using debit card since you are using your own money in bank account.

Credit Card Advantages & Disadvantages

Let us now discuss some pros and cons of credit card:

Advantages of Credit Card

  • You get interest free loan for short period of time in case you don’t have enough money to buy something necessary
  • Credit points are rewarded on spending which can be redeemed as cash or vouchers
  • Security against theft in case of fraudulent transactions
  • Credit cards help you to build credit score which is very important while taking Home Loans or other loans
  • Credit card also helps us to get consolidated reports of our spending in net banking portals

Disadvantages of Credit Card

  • You pay high interest if you don’t pay the outstanding balance in your credit card bill
  • The bill needs to be paid in full every month. Partial payment will lead to penalties in the form of interest you have to pay
  • There is limit of amount you can use as credit, which increases with time as your credit score increases
  • You get engaged in impulsive buying when you see free credit (loan) given to you which might go out of your budget. This can lead to debt.
  • Withdrawing cash using credit card will lead to charging of interest on the amount withdrawn. There is no interest free period for cash withdrawal using credit card.

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Debit Card Advantages & Disadvantages

Let us now discuss pros and cons of Debit Card

Advantages of Debit Card

  • You use your own money from bank so you are aware about how much to spend
  • Falling in debt while using debit card is out of question
  • You don’t have to carry cash while you want to buy goods and services
  • No interest charged for the usage of your own money
  • You can withdraw cash using debit card in any ATM. No penalties will be applicable unlike credit card in which interest will be charged right from the money is withdrawn

Disadvantages of Debit Card

  • You will not get interest free credit
  • It can complicate balancing your passbook at the end of the month if you don’t keep track of your spending
  • Very Little protection in case of debit card fraud transactions
  • Some banks impose limit on the number of times debit card can be used for withdrawing cash from ATM

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Credit Card or Debit Card Which is Better?

So the important question here is what you should be using – Credit card or Debit Card?

Given the advantages of Credit card, if you can control on your impulsive buying and are not very excited during shopping seasons and attractive offers, you can use credit card very effectively to get interest free credit, provided you pay the bill in full.

On the other hand, if you cannot control your buying habits and get attracted to interest online offers very easily, and use cards for withdrawing cash, you should be using debit card.

Personally, I use both of them based on the items I want to buy. The items I need to buy are my needs which I buy using Credit card that also helps me to get some credit points. But I also make a point to pay the credit card in full.

I also use debit card in case the transaction amount is low where I know I won’t get any credit points.

Conclusion

So to conclude, it depends on your spending habits whether you should be using credit card or debit card or both.

Credit card can be very useful provided you take the benefits provided by banks on such cards. But banks are present to make businesses out of those cards, so they come up with attractive offers which you might no resist which might lead to impulsive buying.

This impulsive buying will lead you to debt which is profits for banks as they’ll get interest from the money you borrowed which could have been avoided by using debit card.

So always use credit card wisely! Go for credit cards that are free of any charges. You should not be paying to use credit cards actually.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Which is a better – credit card or debit card?

Debit card and a credit card have their own advantages and disadvantages. You can choose based on above mentioned pros and cons

Can my debit card serve as a credit card?

No, the moment you swipe your debit card, the amount is automatically deducted from your account and hence, you cannot use it as a credit card.

Can I earn reward points on debit cards?

Yes, you can earn reward points on debit cards, but credit cards give you more points.

Can I transfer money from my credit card to another account?

No, you cannot use credit card to transfer money to any account

Are there any limits on the amount that can be withdrawn using a debit card?

Yes, there is a limit on the amount of money which can be withdrawn using a debit card and it depends on your card.

Is there a fee for using a debit card?

Yes there are annual fees and charges.

What are the advantages of having debit and credit card?

A debit card is more convenient for cash withdrawals and can help you avoid debt and overspending. Meanwhile a credit card gives you a flexibility when it comes to spending and also helps you build a good credit score.

What are some disadvantages of a debit card over a credit card?

Since the money from debit card is deducted directly, a debit card doesn’t give you the flexibility of spending more money than what is available in your bank account.

Can credit card be used to withdraw cash from the ATM?

Yes you can withdraw cash using credit card but you will have to pay interest from day 1.

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